Vitiligo is a skin disorder in which the cells that make melanin pigment (melanocytes) are destroyed. The destruction results in the appearance of white patches on the skin. Vitiligo can occur at any age, but usually occurs before the age of 20 in about 50% of patients.
There are five main types of vitiligo, which are based upon the location of the white patches and the pattern of involvement: focal, generalized, acrofacial, segmental and universal.
Focal Vitiligo – minimal involvement with only one or a very few white patches scattered on the skin
Generalized Vitiligo – the most common type with symmetrical patches on any location on the skin including the trunk and/or extremities
Acrofacial Vitiligo – white patches limited to the fingers and around the mouth and eyes
Segmental Vitiligo – white patches on one side of the body and in a linear or line-like distribution (dermatome)
Universal vitiligo – Widespread patches involving almost the entire body
The cause of vitiligo is not well understood. It is believed to be an autoimmune, disorder which means that certain blood cells in your body, lymphocytes, turn against and attack the melanocytes. Another theory is that vitiligo is caused by an interaction between the body’s nerve cells and melanocytes.
Vitiligo may be associated with other immune disorders. They include Addison disease (an adrenal gland disorder), alopecia areata, diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, parathyroid disease, melanoma, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (yeast infection), pernicious anemia, and uveitis (eye disorder).
Focal – One or more macules in two single areas but not segmented
Segmental – One or more macules in a dermatomal pattern
Mucosal – Involvement of mucous membrane alone
Acrofacial – Involvement of face and distal extremities
Vulgaris – Scattered macules in symmetrical or asymmetrical distribution
Universalis – Total or nearly whole body involvement
Homoeopathy – Offers a comprehensive treatment as it goes to the root of the problem by helping build up immunity and eventually restores the pigmented patches back to the normal skin colour. I have observed in my clinic that there are some definite connection in the patients who are being treated for Hypothyroidism then getting Hyperthyroidism show patches of leukoderma as drugs induced leukoderma
There are certain precautions, which can delay or stop the onset of the disease.
Maintain good general health and immunity
It is a non-communicable disease
Any patch should be thoroughly examined first
Application of any unconfirmed tropical medication on skin should be avoided
Use of synthetic clothes should be restricted
Avoid excess intake of Sour things
It is a myth that leukoderma occurs by drinking milk over the fish. There is no relevance in avoiding anything to eat or drink which is white in colour as assumed by some people similarly in cases of Jaundice for Yellow coloured things
How effective is homoeopathy?
Homoeopathy is able to give wonderful and miraculous cures in many cases of Vitiligo. This is due to the fact that homoeopathic treatment enhances the natural production of pigments. According to homoeopathic philosophy Vitiligo not a disease in itself but an expression of an inner disturbed state of the body. Thus, the cure should occur at a level where things have gone wrong. In order to archive this, the patient is analyzed on various aspects of mental and physical and familial attributes and also a complete study is done on the psychological-environment that the patient has gone through in his life. The prescription is then based at the deepest level of understanding of the patient’s disturbed inner force. Although many homoeopathic medicines Arsenic Sulph Falvus, Arsenic Album, Baryta Mur and Baryta Carb are known to give good results in Vitiligo; I would again reiterate the fact that real cure of Vitiligo occurs when the prescription is made according to the true principles of homoeopathic philosophy i.e. treating that deep causative factor, which caused this inner disturbance. Also remember that Vitiligo is a chronic disorder and can take considerable time even with the best of the homoeopathic treatment, for it to be completely cured.